Madhubani Painting: The fantastic history of mithila painting

Madhubani Painting
Madhubani Painting

Madhubani painting, also known as Mithila painting, has a long and rich history. The art form is said to date back to the time of the Ramayana, when King Janaka ordered his daughter Sita to paint the walls of her new home in Madhubani. The paintings are traditionally done on freshly plastered mud walls using natural dyes. The themes of Madhubani paintings are often religious, depicting scenes from Hindu mythology or daily life. Madhubani painting reached the height of its popularity in the 1970s, when it was discovered by the outside world. Today, Madhubani paintings are widely collected and can be found in museums and private collections around the world.

Madhubani painting, also known as Mithila painting, is a style of Indian painting native to the Madhubani district of Bihar state. It is practiced by the women of the villages around Madhubani and has been passed down through generations. The paintings are traditionally done on walls and floors during religious ceremonies and festivals, and depict scenes from Hindu epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

The history of Madhubani painting can be traced back to the 16th century, when the region was ruled by the Mughal Empire. During this time, the artist Bundi Das was commissioned to paint the wedding ceremony of a local ruler. From this point onwards, painting became an important part of life in Madhubani. During the 19th century, under British colonial rule, many artists from outside Bihar came to study Madhubani painting. This led to a cross-pollination of styles and subjects, and the paintings began to be sold commercially. In the 1970s, a government project was launched to revive traditional arts and crafts in India, which helped to promote Madhubani painting both within India and internationally. Madhubani painting is characterized by its use of bold lines and vibrant colors. The paintings often depict scenes from nature, such as trees, animals, and flowers. One of the most distinctive features of Madhubani painting is its use of repeating patterns. These patterns are created by drawing thin lines with a brush.

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